"Persea americana"

 

Brazos Belle

Long medium-large purple-black fruits with a rich nutty flavor. Superior cold hardy shade and Avocado fruit tree for Central Florida. Mexican Variety.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 8-11
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Self & cross-pollinated in Florida conditions. B-type flowers
Blooming Season: -
Ripening Season: October-November
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 20-25' high
Cold Tolerance: Hardiest of the Avocado Cultivars; hardy to 15-18 degrees.
Light Requirements: Full Sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg212

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Brogdon

Produces high quality, larger dark-purple pear shaped fruits with buttery yellow flesh, perfect for guacamole. Mexican Variety.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 9b-11
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Self & cross-pollinated in Florida conditions. B-type flowers
Blooming Season: Mid Spring-Early Summer
Ripening Season: August-October
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 30'+ high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 24 degrees
Light Requirements: Full Sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213

Winter Mexican

Produces small high quality black fruits with excellent flavor similar to the classic Hass avocado. Produces early & regularly throughout fruiting season


Availabillity: 3 gallon-$32
USDA Hardiness Zones: 8-10
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: Mid Spring-Early Summer
Ripening Season: November-January
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 40' high in 25 years
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 20 degrees. Most cold hardy variety
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213

Fantastic

Green to dark olive colored fruit with thin skin and a creamy textured flesh. This is most hardy cultivar available, withstanding 15 degrees for a short time without protection. Mexican Variety.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 8-10
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: -
Ripening Season: August-November
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 30' high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 15-18 degrees
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213

Oro Negro

Produces the creamiest of the black fruit Avocado varieties with rich & creamy textured flesh. Guatemalan X Mexican Variety.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 9b-11
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: -
Ripening Season: November-January
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 30' high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 26 degrees, recommended for souther- Central Florida, protected areas or containers
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213

Day

Produces green club shaped fruits with a smooth skin and buttery flesh. Day is a great cultivar for container gardening due to its slender nature. Guatemalan X West Indes Variety.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 9-11
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: -
Ripening Season: July-September
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: Slender 25' high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 22-24 degrees
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213

Florida Hass

Black when ripe, the fruits are similar in taste and shape of the typical Californian Hass with a high oil content and rich nutty flavor. Guatemalan Variety.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 9-11
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: -
Ripening Season: September-October
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 30' high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 26 degrees
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213 http://www.myavocadotrees.com/florida-hass-avocado.html

Hall

Produces large, pear shaped bright green fruits. Med-Large seed and lower oil content. Similar to Choquete variety with hardier cold tolerance. Guatemalan X West Indes Variety.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 9-11
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: -
Ripening Season: November-December
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 30' high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 26 degrees
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213

Joey

Produces egg-shaped black fruits with a thin skin. This Mexican Variety is a heavy bearer and very cold hardy.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 8b-11
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: -
Ripening Season: September-October
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 25'+ high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 15-18 degrees
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213

Lila

Produces black fruits that are pear-shaped & medium sized with a rich nutty flavor. Mexican Variety.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 9-11
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: -
Ripening Season: September-October
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 25'+ high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 20-22 degrees
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213

Mexicola Grande

Weighing at nearly a pound, the fruits of this variety are dark green & leathery. The tree is vigorous, bearing fruit heavily and regularly.


USDA Hardiness Zones: 9
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: Mid Spring-Early Summer
Ripening Season: August-October
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 25'+ high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 20-22 degrees
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213

Poncho

Another hardy Avocado with green medium-large sized fruits. Heavy bearing Mexican Variety


USDA Hardiness Zones: 8b-11
Chill Hours: -
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Plant Type: Perennial
Pollinator: Cross-pollinated but consider Self Fertile in Florida conditions
Blooming Season: -
Ripening Season: August-November
Years to Bear Fruit/Edible Qualities: Grafted - 1-2 years to produce fruit
Full Size: 30' high
Cold Tolerance: Cold hardy to 18 degrees
Light Requirements: Full sun
Drought Tolerance/Watering: Good once established, Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. Do not over water, as root rot is common with Avocado trees kept wet.
Soil & Site Requirements: Well Drained Soil, if soil contains heavy clay, plant in a raised bed with compost and well drained soil. Dig out soil to loosen a large hole and replace with native soil back into hole. Avoid amending soil and fertilize every month after the first month as a topdress. Mulch 3-5ft. to retain moisture & reduce weed competition.
Links: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg213